Australian Plants Society Tasmania Inc.

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Seasons - Summer

Bursaria spinosa

Botanical Name: Bursaria spinosa
Common Name: Prickly box
Family: Pittosporaceae
Size: 3-5m H x 2-3m W
Leaves: Bright glossy green above lighter below, blunt wedge-shaped, arranged alternately along the branches.
Flowers: 5-petalled white, star-shaped, with central protruding stamens. The flowers are arranged in a terminal pyramid.

Flowering Time: Summer.
Fruit: Bilobed, flat, heart-shaped capsule.
Habitat/distribution: Widespread, common in coastal sandy gravel areas, extending inland to wet sclerophyll. Also WA, SA, Vic, NSW, Q.
Where to See: Most National Parks; Wellington Park; Knocklofty and Coningham Reserves; Royal Tasmanian Botanical Gardens; Tasmanian Bushland Garden, Buckland; and The Tasmanian Arboretum, Eugenana; also many home gardens.
Other notes: Woody shrub to small tree with the smaller branches and side stems ending as spikes. The horticultural potential of this plant lies in its ability to attract bees, butterflies and birds with its sweet-scented flowers. It is also a good coastal revegetation plant and can be trimmed to a hedge. This compact, dark green shrub with masses of white summer flowers usually humming with bees, and heart-shaped fruit make it easily recognised in the bush or garden. Its sharp spikes on smaller branches make it a safe haven for small nesting birds which have been known to use white domestic hen feathers to line and camouflage their nests.

Chrysocephalum semipapposum

Botanical Name: Chrysocephalum semipapposum subsp. semipapposum
Common Name: Clustered everlasting
Family: Asteraceae
Size: 20-90cm H x 40-90cm W
Leaves: Crowded, small, narrow linear, green to silvery grey, hairy, on side stems, sometimes sticky.
Flowers: Terminal, bright yellow in dense flattened clusters.

Flowering Time: Spring/summer.
Fruit: An achene.
Habitat/distribution: Widespread and common in open grasslands. Also SA, Vic, NSW.
Where to See: Saltwater River area on Tasman Peninsula, Derwent Valley areas: Meadowbank Dam Road, Macquarie Plains, New Norfolk; Black Hills Church and Cemetery Reserve, Braslins Road, Black Hills; Sky Farm, Glenorchy; Windermere Bay, Claremont; Knocklofty Reserve; East Risdon Nature Reserve; Caves Hill, Meehan Range; Grasstree Road, W of Back Tea Tree Road; Near Tunnack; Bluff River Gorge; Shannon River downstream of Hermitage; Lakes Highway 15km N of Bothwell; Gangells Road, Bagdad; Perth Nursery, Picnic Point; Slopes above South Esk, Native Point; Watery Plains, Launceston; Township Lagoon Nature Reserve; Kingston via Conara; Avoca; Buckland; Royal Tasmanian Botanical Gardens; and Tasmanian Bushland Garden, Buckland; also some home gardens and other locations.
Other notes: Upright variable perennial herb with flattish topped clusters of bright yellow flower heads on erect stems compared to the rounded golden flower heads of Chrysocephalum apiculatum. A hardy plant for dry areas in full sun. Prune to ground level after flowering to promote growth from the woody rhizome.

Coronidium scorpioides

Botanical Name: Coronidium scorpioides
Common Name: Curling everlasting
Family: Asteraceae
Size: 10-80cm H x 50-75cm W
Leaves: Crowded at the base, more widely spaced on the flower stem, grey-green, soft, usually cottony hairs on both surfaces.
Flowers: Solitary yellow flower heads, 2-3cm across, the central part surrounded by curled papery bracts.
Flowering Time: Late spring/summer.
Fruit: An achene.

Habitat/distribution: Widespread in understorey in a variety of habitats from sea level to alpine. Also SA, Vic, NSW.
Where to See: Throughout Tasmania: Cradle Mountain & Lake St Clair, Hartz, Mt Field, Rocky Cape, South West and Tasman National Parks; King and some Furneaux, Maria and Bruny Islands; Bluff River Gorge, Bridport Wildflower, Cheltenham , Orford Thumbs, Peter Murrell, Meehan Ranges, Wellington Park and many other Reserves; Heritage Forest Tasmanian Native Garden; Royal Tasmanian Botanical Gardens; Tasmanian Bushland Garden, Buckland; and The Tasmanian Arboretum, Eugenana; also many home gardens.
Other notes: A stoloniferous perennial herb with conspicuous, solitary yellow daisy flowers with curling papery phyllaries (bracts). A hardy spreading ground cover. Prune after flowering to maintain carpet effect.

Dianella tasmanica

Botanical Name: Dianella tasmanica
Common Name: Forest flaxlily
Family: Liliaceae
Size: 50-150cm
Leaves: Broad, linear, strap-like, Y-shaped in cross section to 1m long, distinctly serrated along the margins and undersurface of central veins.
Flowers: Clusters on long stalks with 6 small white/blue petals, with prominent yellow stamens, on strong many branched stems.
Flowering Time: Spring/summer.
Fruit: Blue/purple, shiny berry, containing many black seeds.

Habitat/distribution: Widely adaptable from coast to 800m, common understorey plant in wet sclerophyll and rainforests. Also Vic, NSW.
Where to See: Throughout Tasmania especially in shady moist positions. Bass Strait, Maria and Bruny Islands; Ben Lomond NP entrance, Cradle Mountain/Lake St Claire, Mt Field, Narawntapu, Rocky Cape and Tasman National Parks; Bluff River Gorge, Bridport Wildflower, Knocklofty, Orford, Peter Murrell, Wellington Park, Wielangta Forest and many other Reserves; many other places such as Cockle Creek, Dunbarton, Mole Creek area, McKays Road near Lake Leake Rd Swansea area, Tullah area and Pieman River near Smithton; Heritage Forest Tasmanian Native Garden; Royal Tasmanian Botanical Gardens; Tasmanian Bushland Garden, Buckland; and The Tasmanian Arboretum, Eugenana; also many home gardens.
Other notes: A herbaceous perennial, forming a dense clump, spreading by rhizomes. This plant has excellent horticultural potential. It may be useful as a riparian or bank stabiliser due to the spreading rhizomes.

Eryngium ovinum

Botanical Name: Eryngium ovinum
Common Name: Blue devil
Family: Apiaceae
Size: 40-70cm H x 40-80cm W
Leaves: Narrow, elliptical, variable, 1-4cm long on a short stalk, dark green to grey upper surface, densely hairy undersurface with irregularly round-toothed or entire margins.

Flowers: Bright metallic blue spiky heads.
Flowering Time: Summer.
Fruit: A schizocarp (= a dry fruit that splits into single-seeded parts when ripe).
Habitat/distribution: Temperate woodlands and grasslands. Also WA, SA, Vic, NSW.
Where to See: A few places, mainly in SE Tasmania: Laggon Flats; Big Green Island, Bass Strait; Tasman Highway, Pontypool; near Boomer Creek, Little Swanport; Jim Bacon Memorial Reserve, Springfield, Moonah; Broadmarsh; Teatree Road, Brighton; Pontville Army Range, Brighton; Black Charlies Opening, Tasman Highway, Runnymede; Fulham Road, Dunalley; some other private properties.
Other notes: This species is listed as vulnerable under the Tasmanian Threatened Species Protection Act 1995. From the Listing statement for the species: it is a perennial species, dying down during autumn, emerging in late winter, and flowering in summer. In late winter the plant develops a rosette of narrow, spiny, divided leaves with the flower stems extending and producing a mass of crowded bright blue thistle-like flower heads on rigid branched stems in mid-summer. The terminal flowerheads open first followed by those on the side branches below with each flower lasting several weeks (Ollerenshaw 1981)î. Best in fertile, heavy soils in sunny positions.

Eryngium vesiculosum

Botanical Name: Eryngium vesiculosum
Common Name: Prickfoot
Family: Apiaceae
Size: 30-60cm W
Leaves: Light green, rigid, sharply pointed, arising from a stem with flattened upper surface and rounded lower surface.

Flowers: Small in oval to rounded heads up to 1cm W, arising from the leaf axil in tight umbels with a very prickly bract from under each flower head. The flowers are white maturing to blue. Flowering Time: Late spring/summer.
Fruit: A schizocarp.
Habitat/distribution: Widespread and common in moist coastal sand flats. Also SA, Vic, NSW, Q.
Where to See: Springlawn Lagoon, Narawntapu National Park; Flinders Island; Dago Plains, Circular Head; Discovery Beach, West Coast; Low Head, George Town; Latrobe; Near Campbell Town, Northern Midlands; Northdown wetlands near Far Lagoon; Musselroe Wind Farm, Cape Portland; Encampment Cove, Maria Island; Two Mile Beach, Bangor, Dunalley; Fulham Road, Dunalley.
Other notes: A compact, perennial, prostrate herb with a blue flowerheads on a prickly plant, in a swampy site. Short lived. Requires regular moisture and full sun. Would make an attractive rockery plant.

Euphrasia collina

Botanical Name: Euphrasia collina
Common Name: Tall eyebright
Family: Scrophulariaceae
Size: 20-50cm H x 20-40cm W
Leaves: Narrow, small, shiny, opposite, with recurved margins and 1-3 lobes on apex, prominent central vein.
Flowers: White to shades of mauve, often with purple throat.
Flowering Time: Spring/summer.
Fruit: A capsule.
Habitat/distribution: Widespread in a variety of habitats from sandy/peaty heaths to rocky hillsides and alpine grasslands on eastern mountains. Also SA, Vic, NSW.

Where to See: National Park; Knocklofty Reserve; Wellington Park Organ Pipes and Old Hobartians Tracks and above the Chalet.
Other notes: Small perennial, semi-parasitic herb with erect reddish flower stems. Leaves without hairs, calyx 5mm long, flowers never striated, growing in lowland areas and eastern mountains.

Gompholobium huegelii

Botanical Name: Gompholobium huegelii
Common Name: Common wedgepea
Family: Fabaceae
Size: 15-30cm H x 30-60cm W
Leaves: Trifoliate, linear, grey/green leaflets, 6-16mm long, arising from a common stem.

Flowers: Pea with distinctive cream/yellow petals, shaded with black underside. The sepals and buds are grey.
Flowering Time: Spring/summer.
Fruit: An ovoid grey/black pod.
Habitat/distribution: Common in sandy heaths, also a brighter flower form on ironstone gravel. Also Vic, NSW.
Where to See: Waterhouse Reserve; Peter Murrell Reserve; Winifred Curtis Nature Reserve, Scamander; Bridport Wildflower Reserve; Diprose Lagoon Nature Reserve; Rocky Cape National Park; Schouten Island; Heritage Forest Tasmanian Native Garden; Royal Tasmanian Botanical Gardens; Tasmanian Bushland Garden, Buckland; and The Tasmanian Arboretum, Eugenana; also some home gardens.
Other notes: Small undershrub with a woody base. Large yellow pea flower with undersurface of petals and sepals grey. Prune after flowering to promote bushy growth.

Hakea teretifolia

Botanical Name: Hakea teretifolia
Common Name: Dagger needlebush
Family: Proteaceae
Size: 1-4m H x 0.5-2m W
Leaves: Rigid, narrow, cylindrical, sharp pointed, 2-4cm long, at right angles to the stem.
Flowers: White, scented, spider-like, along the stems.
Flowering Time: Summer.
Fruit: Long, dagger-shaped, 2-seeded follicle, with a ring of sharp warts around the base of the long beak.

Habitat/distribution: Damp heathlands along the northern and eastern coasts. Widespread, especially in coastal heaths. Also WA, SA, Vic, NSW, Q, NT.
Where to See: Narawntapu NP; Bridport Wildflower Reserve, St Helens area and many locations in the north east; Freycinet and Schouten Island, Forrestier Peninsula and near Orford, Tasman NP and throughout the Tasman Peninsula; and many other places in the south east; Royal Tasmanian Botanical Gardens; and Tasmanian Bushland Garden, Buckland; also some home gardens.
Other notes: This species is a small to medium, spreading, woody shrub with sharp leaves and dagger-like fruit. It is very hardy, slow growing and tolerates dry conditions. Its sharp pointed leaves make it a barrier to people and animals and a good bird nesting site. It grows in most well drained soils in full sun.

Leptorhynchos squamatus subsp. squamatus

Botanical Name: Leptorhynchos squamatus subsp. squamatus
Common Name: Scaly buttons
Family: Asteraceae
Size: 10-20cm H
Leaves: Lanceolate, 1-3cm long, hairy, alternate, at the base of the floral stem.
Flowers: Bright yellow, compact, button-like, terminal daisy.

Flowering Time: Spring/summer.
Fruit: An achene.
Habitat/distribution: Widespread, in a variety of habitats from dry coastal to elevated grasslands. Also SA, Vic, NSW.
Where to See:; Big Punch Bowl and Long Point; Bridport Wildflower, Diprose Lagoon Nature, Knocklofty, Peter Murrell and Township Lagoon Nature Reserves; Rocky Cape, Freycinet and Tasman NPs; many places along the north, north east and east coasts; Heritage Forest Tasmanian Native Garden; Royal Tasmanian Botanical Gardens; Tasmanian Bushland Garden, Buckland; and The Tasmanian Arboretum, Eugenana; also many home gardens.
Other notes: Wiry stems with leaves only at the base. This small wiry herbaceous perennial plant is usually found in clumps. It prefers full sun and good drainage.

Patersonia fragilis

Botanical Name: Patersonia fragilis
Common Name: Short purpleflag
Family: Iridaceae
Size: 10-40cm H x 30-40cm W
Leaves: Firm, narrow, sheathing, ridged, linear, dull green/blue green, 20-40cm long.

Flowers: 3 conspicuous rounded blue/mauve perianth segments, enclosed in brown terminal bracts on stems shorter than the leaves.
Flowering Time: Spring/summer.
Fruit: A 3-celled capsule.
Habitat/distribution: Moist coastal heaths. Also SA, Vic, NSW.
Where to See: Strahan, Queenstown, Birchs River Plains and many other places in the west; King, Three Hummock, Furneaux and Bruny Islands; Georgetown, Bridport, St Helens area and many locations in the north east; Freycinet, Forrestier and Tasman Peninsulas and near Orford; Lindisfarne, Longley, near Geeveston, near Hastings Caves and many other places in the south east; Heritage Forest Tasmanian Native Garden; Royal Tasmanian Botanical Gardens; Tasmanian Bushland Garden, Buckland; and The Tasmanian Arboretum, Eugenana; also many home gardens.
Other notes: Can be differentiated from P. occidentalis by its smaller growth habit, with narrower leaves and flowers stems shorter than the leaves. Grow in moist soil in full sun. The flower bracts contain many flowers that each last about one day. Grow in well drained moist soil in full sun.

Pimelea drupacea

Botanical Name: Pimelea drupacea
Common Name: Cherry riceflower
Family: Thymelaeaceae
Size: 1-3m H x 0.5-1m W.
Leaves: Arranged in pairs, elliptical in shape, green upper surface, slightly hairy undersurface with prominent veins.

Flowers: Small white/cream terminal clusters which may appear to be axillary because of the shortness of branchlet, with 2 leaf like bracts and 2 central orange stamens. As the flowers mature they tend to develop a pink throat.
Flowering Time: Late spring.
Fruit: Maturing to a shiny ovoid black drupe.
Habitat/distribution: Widespread and common as understorey in wet sclerophyll forests. Also Vic.
Where to See: Wide spread in wet sclerophyll; throughout the south west, west, north west, north east and south east; Maria, Bruny and Bass Strait Islands; Cradle Mountain and Lake St Claire, Hartz Mountain and Tasman NPs; Wellington Park; Richardsons Road near High Yellow Bluff, MacGregor Road, Forestier Peninsula.
Other notes: Black shiny, ovoid fruit on plant in wet forests. A hardy plant for moist locations in part shade to full sun. Tip pruning after fruiting enhances the plant, The black shiny fruit attracts birds.

Pimelea flava

Botanical Name: Pimelea flava
Common Name: Yellow riceflower
Family: Thymelaeaceae
Size: 50-100cm H x 50-75cm W.
Leaves: Elliptical, 4-12mm long, opposite on very short stalks, with prominent mid-vein.
Flowers: Erect head of lime green bracts opening to reveal bright yellow, terminal clusters of flowers. Male and female are occasionally on separate plants.
Flowering Time: Late winter/spring.

Fruit: A cluster of several hairy 1-seeded capsules.
Habitat/distribution: Heavy soil that retains some moisture, on sheltered sites. Small plant populations in widespread locations in the north, north-east and south-east. Also SA, Vic, NSW.
Where to See: Forestier Peninsula around Murdunna; Latrobe area including Kermode Creek, Roaring Magg Hill; Tasman NP; Woodvine Nature Reserve N boundary.
Other notes: Appears to be short lived in cultivation. Requires constant moisture and tolerates semi-shade. Distinguishing feature is its yellow flowers.

Pimelea linifolia

Botanical Name: Pimelea linifolia
Common Name: Slender riceflower
Family: Thymelaeaceae
Size: 0.5-1.5m H x 0.5-1.5m W.
Leaves: Elliptical, green, shiny, opposite, 8-20mm long.
Flowers: In nodding terminal heads, tubular, cream, with conspicuous orange stamens and large red/green bracts.
Flowering Time: Late spring
Fruit: Dry and nut-like.
Habitat/distribution: Widespread and abundant in heathland and in understorey of moist forest. Also SA, Vic, NSW, Q.

Where to See: Big Punch Bowl and Long Point, Bridport Wildflower, Hawthorn Road - Maranoa Heights, Knocklofty Reserve and Peter Murrell Reserves; Cradle Mountain and Lake St Clair, Narawntapu, Rocky Cape and Tasman National Parks; Luther Point Coastal Track ñ Orford; Schouten Island; Wellington Park.
Other notes: Nodding creamy flowers and the colourful bracts. A plant for well drained moist soil, in part shade. Requires regular pruning for shape.

Podolepis decipiens

Botanical Name: Podolepis decipiens
Common Name: Deceiving copperwire-daisy
Family: Asteraceae
Size: 20-60cm H
Leaves: A basal rosette, linear/lanceolate, 10-20cm long, smaller along the flower stem. Upper surface rough to touch.
Flowers: Single, bright yellow to 4cm diameter, with distinctively fringed ray florets and paper bracts at base.
Flowering Time: Early summer.
Fruit: an achene

Habitat/distribution: Widespread and locally common from sea level to alpine grasslands. Also SA, Vic, NSW, Qld.
Where to See: Cradle Mountain/Lake St Claire NP; Diprose Lagoon and Township Lagoon Nature Reserves; Lakes Highway, Central Plateau 3 km north of Breona; Waverly Flora Park; and many other locations.
Other notes: Requires well-drained moist soil in full sun. Short lived in cultivation. Conspicuous fringing of the bright yellow flowers. Podolepis decipiens is the wide spread species in Tasmania, Podolepis jaceoides is found on Flinders Island