Australian Plants Society Tasmania Inc.

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Seasons - Spring - Page 2.

Chrysocephalum apiculatum

Botanical Name: Chrysocephalum apiculatum
Common Name: Common everlasting
Family: Asteraceae
Size: 10-50cm H x 20-30cm W
Leaves: Variable, 1-7cm long, ending in short fine point. Grey-green, densely hairy upper surface, may have an even denser undersurface. The stems are hairy, woolly, white.
Flowers: Small, terminal, globular clusters of golden flowerheads on slender stalks to 30cm.
Flowering Time: Early spring/summer, sporadic.

Habitat/distribution: Widespread in grasslands and along roadsides. Also WA, SA, Vic, NSW, Q.
Where to See: Throughout Tasmania, especially dry sclerophyll areas in many National Parks and city bushland parks and gardens.
Other notes: Hardy, long flowering, spreading, colourful in any garden. Self seeds and layers in mulch. Prune after flowering for shape and size and to promote more flowers.

Comesperma volubile

Botanical Name: Comesperma volubile
Common Name: Blue lovecreeper
Family: Polygalaceae
Size: 1-3m high
Leaves: Tiny, lanceolata, sparsely placed along the twining stem.
Flowers: Blue, occasionally white, small on short stalks in compact racemes.
Flowering Time: Spring
Fruit: A wedge shaped capsule.
Habitat/distribution: Widespread in heaths and dry sclerophyll forest. Also WA, SA, Vic, NSW, Q.

Where to See: Throughout Tasmania especially dry sclerophyll areas, most lower National Parks and many city bushland parks and gardens; Knocklofty, Peter Murrell, Cheltenham, Tom Gibson and many other Reserves; Meehan Ranges.
Other notes: Difficult to propagate and maintain, possibly due to a symbiotic relationship with another species.

Daviesia latifolia

Botanical Name: Daviesia latifolia
Common Name: Hop bitterpea
Family: Fabaceae
Size: 1-2m H x 1-1.5m W
Leaves: Leathery, 2.5-8cm long, 2-3cm broad, undulate with pronounced venation..
Flowers: Numerous gold and brown peas on axillary spikes.
Flowering Time: Spring
Fruit: Triangular pod, maturing to brown, containing seeds surrounded by an aril (a fleshy expansion of a seed stalk that may enclose in part or all of the seed and is often brightly coloured. TNF Ed.2 page 403).

Habitat/distribution: An understorey plant of dry forests and roadsides. Also Vic, NSW, Q.
Where to See: Knocklofty, Peter Murrell, Cheltenham Park, Tom Gibson and many other Reserves; Wellington Park lower areas; Meehan Range; Tasman, Douglas River, Narawntapu, Rocky Cape and other NPs; Central Coast, Central Highlands, Derwent and Meander Valleys, Northern Midlands, St Marys Pass and West Coast.
Other notes: The broad leaves having prominent net veins, and the triangular pods are distinguishing features. A hardy plant for a dry area with plentiful shade. Mass plantings could provide a colourful display.

Diplarrena moraea

Botanical Name: Diplarrena moraea
Common Name: White flag-iris
Family: Iridaceae
Size: 50-100cm H x 10-30cm W
Leaves: Stiff, erect, smooth, narrow to 1cm W x 75cm L.
Flowers: Long stalk, with 3 large white perianth (the calyx and corolla of a

flower) segments and inner segments with purple and yellow markings. Individual flowers only last a few days, but new ones emerge from the bud at the top of the stem. Thus the plant flowers over a long time.
Flowering Time: mainly spring but can extend into summer
Fruit: A brown capsule containing many seeds.
Habitat/distribution: Common and widespread around Tasmania in a range of habitats from sea level to 1000m. Also Vic, NSW.
Where to See: Throughout Tasmania especially open grassy areas; Meehan Range, Knocklofty, Tom Gibson, Cheltenham Park, Conningham and many more Reserves; Parks and National Parks; George Town, Latrobe, Flinders Island, Skullbone Plains, Waratah and many other places. Large swathes along the Lyell Highway, especially on the northern side, west of Derwent Bridge.
Other notes: Leaves and edges of leaves are smooth. Various forms exist in cultivation. Requires well-drained moist soil and full sun. Propagate by division of clumps, or from fresh seed which is very short lived.

Epacris impressa

Botanical Name: Epacris impressa
Common Name: Common heath
Family: Epacridaceae
Size: 50-100cm H x 20-50cm W
Leaves: Narrow, tapering, pointed, stalkless, spreading.

Flowers: White/pink/deep red, tubular with 5 distinct indentations (impressions) at the base (or stem end, hence the species name), axillary, extending up the stem.
Flowering Time: Mainly spring but spasmodic in autumn and winter.
Fruit: Small 5-celled capsule.
Habitat/distribution: Widespread and abundant in dry sclerophyll forests, from sea level to 800m. Also SA, Vic, NSW.
Where to See: Throughout Tasmania especially in well-drained soil and dappled shade to full sun. All National Parks and many city parks and gardens; Wellington Park, Knocklofty, Peter Murrell, Risdon Brook, Tom Gibson and many other Reserves; Meehan Range, Acton Park and many other places.
Other notes: Prune after flowering for bushy shape and size in home gardens.

Goodenia elongata

Botanical Name: Goodenia elongata
Common Name: Lanky native-primrose
Family: Goodeniaceae
Size: 5-30cm H x 30-50cm W
Leaves: Narrow, spathulate, 1-5cm L, with smooth edges, slightly hairy, widely spaced along the stem. Upper stem leaves smaller.
Flowers: Yellow, to 2.5cm across, single, on a fine stalk in the leaf axils.
Flowering Time: Spring
Fruit: An oval capsule to 6mm L.
Habitat/distribution: Widespread and common in moist areas. Also Vic.

Where to See: Throughout Tasmania especially in moist areas. Freycinet and Tasman National Parks; Maria and Bruny Islands, and some Reserves; Bruny and Maria Islands; Kellevie Road at the Carlton River Bridge.
Other notes: Flowers on fine stems without bracteoles (small leaf-like structures on a flower stem). Useful for moist areas but will tolerate periods of dry, with some sun, among other ground cover plants.

Goodenia lanata

Botanical Name: Goodenia lanata
Common Name: Trailing native-primrose
Family: Goodeniaceae
Size: Prostrate x 0.6-1.5m W
Leaves: 1-7cm long, blade with toothed or lobed margins (edges), obovate, narrowing to a long stem. Upper surface dark green with scattered hairs, light green below.

Flowers: Yellow with three spreading lower lobes and two erect upper lobes, and deeper colour in the centre with petal margins slightly wavy, solitary.
Flowering Time: Spring/summer
Fruit: An ovoid capsule.
Habitat/distribution: Widespread, variable, dry to moist sites from coastal heath to woodlands. Also Vic.
Where to See: Throughout the north, north east, midlands and south east in Tasmania. Freycinet and Tasman National Parks and some bushland parks and gardens; Wellington Park lower areas, Knocklofty and Peter Murrell Reserves; also along roadsides.
Other notes: Suitable for growing in well drained, moist soil with some sun. Forms from the Midlands are frost hardy while coastal forms are not.

Goodenia ovata

Botanical Name: Goodenia ovata
Common Name: Hop native-primrose
Family: Goodeniaceae
Size: 1-2m H x 0.5-1.5m W
Leaves: Bright green, slightly sticky, ovate. Mature leaves 2-6cm long with toothed margins.

Flowers: Bright yellow flowers consisting of three spreading lower lobes and two upper lobes. Petal margins slightly wavy on long slender stems.
Flowering Time: Prolific in spring, sporadic throughout the year.
Fruit: A narrow rounded capsule.
Habitat/distribution: Widespread, a coloniser of roadsides and open forest. Also SA, Vic, NSW, Q.
Where to See: Occasional on the west coast, Trial harbour and Zeehan; in the Northern midlands, Nile and South Esk Rivers; more common along the northern coastal areas from Stanley to Bridport; down the east coast from Picnic Point to Orford; quite common in the south east including Lime Bay, Carlton River, Derwent and Huon Valleys and as far south as Cockle Creek and South Cape Bay. Many bushland parks and gardens; Wellington Park lower areas, Knocklofty and Peter Murrell Reserves; Freycinet and Tasman National Parks; Furneaux, Maria and Bruny Islands.
Other notes: Multiple yellow flowers on a rounded bush; rapid coloniser after bush fires in open forest areas.

Goodia lotifolia

Botanical Name: Goodia lotifolia
Common Name: Smooth goldentip
Family: Fabaceae
Size: 1-4m H x 1-2m W
Leaves: Tri-foliate, leaflets 1-2.5cm long, with a mid-green upper surface with obvious reticulate (forming a network of) veins.
Flowers: Terminal racemes of bright yellow pea flowers with red-brown throat.
Flowering Time: Spring
Fruit: An oblong flattened brown pod which may be heard exploding on a warm day.

Habitat/distribution: Common on shaded hillsides throughout the state. Also WA, SA, Vic, NSW, Q.
Where to See: King and the Furneaux Islands; North West, Northern and East coasts; Freycinet and Forestier/Tasman Peninsulas; Swansea, Lenah Valley and lower Mt Wellington.
Other notes: Tolerates a variety of conditions and is a colourful addition to the garden. Following fruiting the branch dies, but if this is removed by pruning, more shoots will appear. The branches of this shrub are very brittle. Its open habit can be made more compact by careful pruning.

Hardenbergia violacea

Botanical Name: Hardenbergia violacea
Common Name: Purple coral-pea
Family: Fabaceae
Size: 2-4m H x 2-3m W
Leaves: Single, 2-5cm, lanceolate with prominent central and side veins, dark green upper surface, lighter lower surface.

Flowers: Long showy purple sprays arising from the leaf axils.
Flowering Time: Mainly spring but sporadic in winter.
Fruit: Long, flat, dark grey-brown pod.
Habitat/distribution: The only Tasmanian population is on dry hills near Sorell in the south east. However, now many Tasmanian gardens are adorned with mainland forms, especially the selected form, Hardenbergia violacea “Happy Wanderer”. Also SA, Vic, NSW, Q.
Where to See: Home gardens, many public parks and reserves including the Royal Tasmanian Botanical Gardens (Tasmanian form), Tasmanian Bushland Garden, Tasmanian Arboretum and Heritage Forest Tasmanian Plant Garden.
Other notes: Hardy plant which will grow in a variety of soil and sunlight conditions; it responds well to pruning after flowering. The Western Australian species Hardenbergia comptoniana has trifoliate (3 leaflets) leaves and tends to have longer sprays of blue flowers, sometimes with a white centre. It is commonly grown in Tasmanian home gardens.

Hibbertia appressa

Botanical Name: Hibbertia appressa
Common Name: Southern guineaflower
Family: Dilleniaceae
Size: Scrambling ground cover to over 2m spread and climbs up to over 2m.
Leaves: Elliptical, dark green to 10 mm long, with stiff hairs on the upper surface, hooked hairs on the underside.

Flowers: Yellow with 5 deeply notched petals with 9-12 stamens in a single cluster to one side of the carpels (the female part of the flower, consisting of the ovary, style and stigma. TNF Ed.2 page 403).
Flowering Time: Spring
Fruit: a 3 lobed capsule
Habitat/distribution: Widespread but scattered in damp heaths, shrubberies and open forests in NW, NE, Midlands and SE. Also Vic.
Where to See: Tasman Peninsula, Snug Falls, Pelverata Falls, South Port Lagoon and Exit Cave Tracks, Snug Tiers, Birchs Bay,, Gordon, Mt Balfour, Tarkine, Strahan, Birchs Inlet, King Island, Asbestos Hill, Dazzler Range, Huon Valley, Lune River, Recherche Bay.
Other notes: A good garden plant in moist, well drained, part sun areas. In the past, this species has been mistaken for Hibbertia empetrifolia.

Hibbertia procumbens

Botanical Name: Hibbertia procumbens Common Name: Spreading guineaflower
Family: Dilleniaceae
Size: 10-15cm H x 15-30cm W
Leaves: Green, 5-20mm long, elliptical/linear, with soft point. Lower surface silky hairy with distinct central vein, edges rolled under. Small, narrow wiry stems.

Flowers: Profuse, 5 golden, rounded, notched petals, about 2.5cm across, solitary on a long stalk. Stamens, 20-25 clustered in 4 groups around the carpels.
Flowering Time: Spring
Fruit: a follicle
Habitat/distribution: On sunny banks with moist well-drained sandy soil. Common in coastal heathland, but also occurs in subalpine areas to 1000m. Also Vic, NSW.
Where to See: Wide spread in the SW, W, NW, NE and SE areas; Tasman Peninsula, Circular Head, Waratah, King Island, Central Plateau, Overland Track, Birchs Inlet, Oatlands to Parattah Track, Copping Cemetery, Sandford and many other places.
Other notes: A good rockery plant for moist well-drained, mulched soils in full sun. The mass of golden flowers often covered with insects, soft to touch, but with an unpleasant odour.

Hibbertia riparia

Botanical Name: Hibbertia riparia
Common Name: Erect guineaflower
Family: Dilleniaceae
Size: 10-90cm H x 20-60cm W
Leaves: Dark green, narrow/linear to 1cm long with margins rolled under, hairy undersurface.
Flowers: 5 markedly notched yellow petals with 5-12 stamens in a single cluster on one side of the 2 carpels. The flowers are terminal on the short side branches.
Flowering Time: Mainly spring, but often sporadic in summer and autumn.

Fruit: a 2-celled follicle.
Habitat/distribution: Common in moist lowland areas. Also SA, Vic, NSW, Qld.
Where to See: Cheltenham, Tom Gibson, Knocklofty, Peter Murrell, Three Thumbs, and many other Reserves; Meehan Range, Bluff River Gorge, Southern Midlands; Freycinet, Narawntapu and Tasman NPs; Flinders Island.
Other notes: Plants with erect stems in moist areas. Hardy in home gardens, requires good drainage, some sun, responds to pruning for bushy, more floriferous habit.

Hibbertia sericea var sericea

Botanical Name: Hibbertia sericea var sericea
Common Name: Silky guineaflower
Family: Dilleniaceae
Size: 10-60cm H x 50-100cm W
Leaves: Erect or spreading 5-10cm long, oblong to oblanceolate with broad central vein, edges rolled under, dark green slightly hairy upper surface, densely hairy lower surface.
Flowers: Bright yellow, 5 deeply notched petals to 2cm across, singly or in groups of 2-3 at the end of side branches and crowded among leaves at the end of the main stems. Stamens, 8-16 grouped to one side of the carpels.

Flowering Time: Spring
Fruit: a follicle
Habitat/distribution: Widespread and locally common in coastal heaths in the north and north-west. Also SA, Vic, NSW.
Where to See: West Coast S of Temma and Couta Rocks, Rocky Cape NP, Port Sorell, Effingham, Lades Beach, Waterhouse Conservation Area, Mt William and possibly Georges Bay Heads.
Other notes: Silky-hairy leaves and stems. Does best in home gardens with well-drained soil, part shade and some moisture. Pruning retains shape and promotes flowering.