Australian Plants Society Tasmania Inc.

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Seasons - Autumn.

Acacia terminalis

Botanical Name: Acacia terminalis
Common Name: Sunshine wattle
Family: Mimosaceae
Size: 1-4m H x 1-3m W
Leaves: Bipinnate, the leaflets to 1cm long, dark green upper surface with pale green undersurface, stems angular.
Flowers: Globular, cream/bright yellow, or rarely pink, on racemes of varying lengths.
Flowering Time: Autumn/early winter
Fruit: Long, broad, reddish, wrinkled pod.

Habitat/distribution: Widespread from the coast to the lower highlands, in various habitats. Also Vic, NSW.
Where to See: Throughout Tasmania, especially dry sclerophyll areas, most lower National Parks and many city bushland parks and gardens. Lower areas of Wellington Park, Freycinet, Forestier Tasman, Peninsulas and Rocky Cape NPs, St Helens area.
Other notes: Fast growing but often short-lived. Subject to borer attack and this may often shorten life. This species has the largest leaflets of all the Tasmanian bipinnate (fern-like) species and the largest seed of all Tasmanian species. Prune for shape; revegetation species for rocky sites such as quarries.

Allocasuarina littoralis

Botanical Name: Allocasuarina littoralis
Common Name: Black sheoak
Family: Casuarinaceae
Size: 5-10m H x 2-6m W
Leaves: 6-8 narrow to broadly triangular non overlapping leaf-teeth, borne on furrowed, upright or drooping, hairy branchlets.

Flowers: Male: in terminal spikes 1-3cm long, whorls of bracts of mature flowers do not overlap. The resulting brown colouring causes a dramatic change in the appearance of the tree. Female, crowded red tufts at the end of short lateral branches.
Flowering Time: Autumn
Fruit: a cone 1-4cm long, cylindrical with rounded blunt valves.
Habitat/distribution: Mainly a coastal tree growing in poor, well drained sandy soils, also found in tall heath and woodland. Also Vic, NSW, Q.
Where to See: Widespread in eastern half of State, Bruny Island, Tasman, Forestier and Freycinet Peninsulas, Maria Island, many Hobart, Launceston, Devonport and surrounding area bushland parks including Knocklofty and Peter Murrell Reserves, and gardens.
Other notes: Erect tree, the branchlets generally shorter with shorter segments and fewer leaf-teeth than A. verticillata. Cones with blunt valves. A good specimen tree for a large garden

Allocasuarina verticillata

Botanical Name: Allocasuarina verticillata
Common Name: Drooping sheoak
Family: Casuarinaceae
Size: 4-10m H x 3-6m W
Leaves: 9-12 sharp leaf-teeth.
Flowers: Male: up to 12cm long, anthers give yellowish appearance to flowering tree. Female: has tufts of red styles on short stalks along branchlets.

Flowering Time: Mainly autumn, some plants winter/spring
Fruit: a cylindrical cone 2-4cm long x 2-3cm diameter, has sharply pointed valves with points slightly curved toward the apex. The winged margin of the seed is very dark brown.
Habitat/distribution: Many locations, grassy woodlands, dry hills and rocky coastal foreshores. Widespread and abundant. Also SA, Vic, NSW.
Where to See: Widespread throughout the state and offshore islands National Parks - Bruny Island, Tasman, Forestier and Freycinet Peninsulas, Maria Island, many Hobart, Launceston, Devonport and surrounding area bushland parks including Knocklofty and Peter Murrell Reserves, and gardens.
Other notes: Tree with furrowed bark, spreading crown with long drooping branches accentuated by the male flowers; cones with sharp valves. Hardy in most soils and can tolerate periods of wet feet.

Astroloma humifusum

Botanical Name: Astroloma humifusum
Common Name: Native cranberry
Family: Epacridaceae
Size: 10-30cm H x 30-80cm W
Leaves: Narrow, crowded, grey/green 5-12mm long, with rough margins rolled under, tapering to a point.

Flowers: Bright red, to 2cm long, tubular with spreading lobes, solitary in the leaf axils.
Flowering Time: Autumn
Fruit: A green, ovoid, fleshy, edible drupe.
Habitat/distribution: Widespread in dry sandy heaths. Also WA,SA, Vic, NSW.
Where to See: Throughout Tasmania, especially dry heathlands. Many Reserves, Knocklofty, Peter Murrell; National Parks, Douglas-Apsley, Freycinet, Maria Island, Narawntapu, Rocky Cape, South Bruny and Tasman
Other notes: Good understorey plant with red cigar-shaped flowers on plants with greyish pointed leaves. For well-drained areas but can be difficult to establish. Propagation from tip cuttings.

Banksia marginata

Botanical Name: Banksia marginata
Common Name: Silver banksia
Family: Proteaceae
Size: 0.5-8m H x 2-5m W
Leaves: Variable, entire or serrate, leathery, upper surface dark green with indented central vein, undersurface hairy-white with conspicuous venation and rolled margins.
Flowers: Compact cylindrical, cream to yellow spike.
Flowering Time: Spring/mainly Autumn in many areas of the State, especially in upper altitudes.

Fruit: Persistent woody follicles which open to release 2 seeds with paper-like wings separated by a woody divider. Seeds may be released soon after maturity or retained until the follicle is opened by the death of the branch or tree, or by fire.
Habitat/distribution: Widespread, coast to subalpine. Also SA, Vic, NSW.
Where to See: Coastal areas, bushland, Reserves, Parks throughout the State from sea level to 1000m; Freycinet NP to shores of Lake St Claire; Maria Island to the Chalet on kunanyi/Mount Wellington.
Other notes: Excellent garden tree or shrub with grey smooth bark but needs good drainage. Responds well to pruning for bushy shape and recovers well from pollarding. Sensitive to Phytophthora cinnamomi (Cinnamon fungus).

Banksia serrata

Botanical Name: Banksia serrata
Common Name: Saw banksia
Family: Proteaceae
Size: 3-15m H x 3-10m W
Leaves: Tough leathery narrow obovate, to 20cm. Glossy upper surface, with a paler, slightly hairy undersurface with distinctive parallel veins at right angles to the raised central vein. The margins are sharply serrated.
Flowers: Dense cylindrical spike to 20cm with colour changing through green, cream to yellow as it matures.
Flowering Time: Late summer to mainly spring

Fruit: Persistent woody follicles with a velvet hair like covering that splits spontaneously or with heat, to release 2 seeds with paper-like wings, separated by a woody divider.
Habitat/distribution: Coastal sandy areas; limited in Tasmania to sites between Rocky Cape and Sisters Creek. Also Vic, NSW, Q.
Where to See: Rocky Cape National Park, a few city and suburban parks and many home gardens.
Other notes: A magnificent tree with knobby ridged bark and prominent yellow cones. Required excellent drainage and tolerates some shade. Sensitive to Phytophthora cinnamomi (Cinnamon fungus).

Correa alba

Botanical Name: Correa alba
Common Name: White correa
Family: Rutaceae
Size: 0.5-3m H x 1-2m W
Leaves: Variable, leathery, 2-4cm long, 1-2cm wide, oval to round, varying from green above to grey all over caused by tiny fine hairs acting as a protection against salt exposure.

Flowers: Shortly stalked, 4 pointed petals open out to form a star shape with prominent stamens. Colour usually white but may be shades of pink.
Flowering Time: Late summer to mainly autumn and early spring.
Fruit: A 4-valved capsule containing 4 dark seeds.
Habitat/distribution: Front-line coastal, in gravelly sandy soil, able to withstand salt laden winds. Also SA, Vic, NSW.
Where to See: Common around Tasmania's North West and Eastern coasts, Furneaux and Bruny Islands, Freycinet and Tasman Peninsulas, Bicheno, Orford, South Arm and many other places, CSIRO Marine Laboratories river side garden, and widely planted in many parks and gardens.
Other notes: Hardy, tolerates well drained light soil, periods of dryness. Ideal hedge and windbreak plant, especially in coastal areas, bushier with regular pruning. Pink form comes true from cuttings of firm new growth. Known to hybridise with Correa reflexa.

Correa lawrenceana

Botanical Name: Correa lawrenceana
Common Name: Mountain correa
Family: Rutaceae
Size: 1-4m H x 2-3m W
Leaves: Leathery, variable, shortly stalked, 3-7cm long, pointed, upper surface shiny, lower surface densely hairy, greyish or rusty.

Flowers: Cream/green tubular, up to 3cm long, pendulous on short stalks from leaf axils.
Flowering Time: Autumn mainly/ winter/spring.
Fruit: A 4-celled capsule.
Habitat/distribution: Understorey in wet sclerophyll forests, widespread from sea level to mountains. Also Vic, NSW.
Where to See: Wellington Park, Tasman, Forestier and Freycinet Peninsulas, many locations in the south east and east coast cloud rainforest areas, many location in the north in wet sclerophyll areas.
Other notes: Two endemic Tasmanian varieties are found, C. lawrenceana var. lawrenceana and var. ferruginea. Other varieties and selected forms are commercially propagated. Ideal species for moist, shady locations.

Correa reflexa var. reflexa

Botanical Name: Correa reflexa var. reflexa
Common Name: Common correa
Family: Rutaceae
Size: Prostrate to 3m H x 1-3m W
Leaves: Usually reflexed with indented veins and slightly recurved margins; shiny to lightly hairy on upper surface; densely hairy on lower surface; 3-5cm long, narrow to round and heart shaped.
Flowers: Tubular, 2-4cm long, tips reflexed, pendulous; cream through green to shades of pink/red in colour, often with contrasting tips.
Flowering Time: Mainly autumn, also winter/spring/summer
Fruit: A 4-valved capsule containing 4 dark seeds.

Habitat/distribution: Widespread in understorey of dry sclerophyll. Also SA, Vic, NSW, Q.
Where to See: Throughout Tasmania's east coast from Eddystone Point to Orford, especially slightly moister areas, Freycinet and Tasman Peninsulas; lower slopes of kunanyi/Mount Wellington, Risdon Brook Reserve, Three Thumbs Reserve near Orford; Furneaux, Maria and Bruny Islands, Tamar and Derwent Valleys, Launceston and Hobart city bushland parks, Knocklofty and Peter Murrell Reserves.
Other notes: Many forms of this species have been selected for flower colour, petal colour combination, size of flower, growth habit and other attractive features. These forms have been propagated by cuttings to retain their features. A number have been registered as cultivars and have names such as "Dusky Bells", "Fat Fred", "Northern Belle". Correa reflexa var. nummulariifolia, Roundleaf correa, is endemic to Tasmania and has small heart-shaped, hairy leaves, flowers greenish white with burgundy anthers. A useful ornamental plant. Requires part-shade or sun, tolerates dry periods and some moisture, light to heavy soils. Prune for shape. Known to hybridise with Correa alba.

Dodonaea viscosa subsp. spathulata

Botanical Name: Dodonaea viscosa subsp. spathulata
Common Name: Broadleaf hopbush
Family: Sapindaceae
Size: 2-6m H x 2-3.5m W
Leaves: Oblong to spathulate (spoon-shaped), sticky 2-8cm long, green/red.
Flowers: Small, cream in terminal clusters.

Flowering Time: Mainly autumn but may be found flowering in spring.
Fruit: Clusters of conspicuous capsules with 3 or 4 wings, brown to bright red.
Habitat/distribution: Widespread from cool to arid areas usually in light forest from coast to lower altitudes. Also WA, SA, Vic, NSW, Q, NZ.
Where to See: Throughout Tasmania, especially dry hillsides, Freycinet and Tasman National Parks, Launceston and Hobart city bushland parks and gardens, Howrah Hills, Midway point, Sorell, Kellevie, Triabunna; Wellington Park lower areas, Knocklofty and Peter Murrell Reserves. Common plant for home gardens, especially varieties with bright coloured capsules.
Other notes: A hardy plant with sticky spoon-shaped leaves. It requires good drainage but withstands dry periods and prefers full sun.

Eucalyptus ovata

Botanical Name: Eucalyptus ovata
Common Name: Black gum
Family: Myrtaceae
Size: Usually a medium tree up to 30m H.
Bark: Rough at the base peeling in long strips to leave a cream/white surface.

Leaves: Juvenile - short stalk, elliptical to ovate, green, to 19cm long; adult - ovate to lanceolata, green, often undulate to 17cm long.
Buds: 7, diamond-shaped with conical cap.
Flowering Time: Autumn
Fruit: Obconical (inverted conical), 7mm across, valves level with rim.
Habitat/distribution: Widespread lowlands species in swampy areas and open woodlands, sea level to 700m. Also SA, Vic, NSW.
Where to See: Throughout Tasmania, north west and northern coastal, central, Fingal Valley, east coast, Forestier Peninsula, Derwent Valley, Hobart and surrounds, D'Entrecasteaux Channel, south east coastal, Bruny Island and occasionally up the west coast,, especially wetter areas, and many city parks and gardens.
Other notes: Distinguished by short length of rough bark and undulate leaves. Hardy to poor drainage and moderate frost.

Ficinia nodosa

Botanical Name: Ficinia nodosa
Common Name: Knobby club-rush
Family: Cyperaceae
Size: Up to 1m H x up to 0.8m W
Leaves: Fine, bright green, rush-like, cylindrical form 15 to 100cm long by 1-2mm diameter, tufting, stiff and erect but often arching.
Flowers: Dense globular or hemispherical, 7-20mm diameter with numerous spikelets, toward the end of the leaf shaft.
Flowering Time: Autumn and occasionally in other times of the year.
Fruit: A small 3 sided obovoid (egg-shaped with the broadest part at the top) nut.

Habitat/distribution: Widespread especially in near-coastal areas. Often close to the edges of saline or sub-saline lakes and watercourses and coastal salt-marshes. Also occurs in other sandy soil locations. Also WA, SA, Vic, NSW, Q.
Where to See: Throughout Tasmania, especially damp coastal and other sandy areas.
Other notes: In the past was known as Isolepis nodosa. Useful as stabiliser of sandy soils; provides a foliage variation in a garden situation.

Lepidosperma ensiforme

Botanical Name: Lepidosperma ensiforme
Common Name: Arching swordsedge
Family: Cyperaceae
Size: 1-4m L x 8-15cm W
Leaves: Variably slightly curved bottom and top but mainly flat.
Flowers: Flower stems up to 2.5m H x 5-10cm W, slightly curved rib with narrow winged edges. White to cream flower heads 15-80cm L, upright or nodding.
Flowering Time: Autumn
Fruit: Obovoid (egg-shaped with the broadest part at the top) nut, reddish brown when ripe.
Habitat/distribution: Swamps, ditches, coastal riparian scrub, shrubby heath, shrubbery under light forest cover, near sea level to about 500m. Also Vic.

Where to See: Knocklofty Reserve, Red Hill Margate, many Reserves around the state, North West, Midlands, North East, Furneaux, East Coast, South West.
Other notes: Notable for its tall arching flower stems, especially in large swathes.